Poetry, wine, and song — such splendid things have, for millennia, constituted the very essence of the saffron-strewn Iranian soul and psyche. While these, undoubtedly, are some of the things for which Iranian culture is known and celebrated, perhaps no element of it is as recognisable and striking — particularly abroad — as Persian rugs and textiles. Adored for their intricate designs, sumptuous colours, and inimitable craftsmanship —not to mention their investment value — Persian rugs have not only found their way into households and interiors the world over, but also onto catwalks and concert stages, as well as in scores of artworks. Far from being a recent phenomenon, the fascination with these textiles is a history nearly as illustrious as the woven wonders themselves. Dating back to the Fifth Century B. It was well preserved in ice. Even in ancient times, as Greek writers like Xenophon attest to, the Persians were known for their carpets.
Don’t Sweep it Under: Best Practices for Valuing Oriental Rugs
Many people use the terms Persian Rug and Oriental Rug interchangeably, but this is incorrect. Oriental Rug is a broader category comprised of any hand-knotted rug made in Asia. Persian Rugs fall under the umbrella of oriental rugs, but due to their popularity, the unique knot used in their production, and their specific country of origin, they are often separated into their own category.
China has a centuries long cultural history of carpet-weaving, but only recently have its rugs been discovered by the outside world. Due to this discovery, the manufacturing process changed, allowing for faster and cheaper production, spreading chinese oriental rugs to consumers around the world.
PDF | Τhis paper publishes and analyzes a Persian portrait rug. This rug is preserved in Store of Islamic Antiquities, Fayoum, Egypt, and.
One of the more intriguing and complex product categories in the insurance property claims world are Oriental rugs. These beautiful items have been with humans for an extraordinarily long time. Remarkably, it was woven using the same basic techniques passed down through the generations to the present day. And although they are much more commonplace now, many are still items of high value and often show up in insurance claims.
America has its own tradition of hand-woven rugs made by Native Americans in the Southwest. When appraising an Oriental rug, it is important to first determine the type of construction. Many people would be hard pressed to tell what type of construction their rug uses, much less details about where and when it may have been made. Regardless, these differences can make an enormous difference in appraised value.
Hand-woven rugs are made by a weaver or weavers sitting at a loom and hand-tying individual knots along the weft threads which run left to right onto vertical strings called the warp running top to bottom. They are also the most durable. The key to determining if a rug was hand-woven is to look at the row of knots in the back.
Antique Persian Kilim
The best way to learn how is to get out there and experience as many rugs as possible to learn to spot the differences. Listen or read more to find out how experts age a rug. Hi, Sam. Sam, what determines if a rug is an antique rug? Some of my colleagues think 75 years is enough to be an antique, I think a hundred is where I think the majority of people come down as far as age for a rug to be truly what we call an antique rug.
Today, it’s most closely associated with Iran. The oldest known carpet from the world is a Persian rug dating back to the 5th century BC. From the outset, Persian.
Carpet weaving is an essential part of Persian culture and Iranian art. Within the group of Oriental rugs produced by the countries of the “rug belt” , the Persian carpet stands out by the variety and elaborateness of its manifold designs. Persian carpets and rugs of various types were woven in parallel by nomadic tribes, in village and town workshops, and by royal court manufactories alike. As such, they represent miscellaneous, simultaneous lines of tradition, and reflect the history of Iran and its various peoples.
The carpets woven in the Safavid court manufactories of Isfahan during the sixteenth century are famous for their elaborate colours and artistical design, and are treasured in museums and private collections all over the world today. Their patterns and designs have set an artistic tradition for court manufactories which was kept alive during the entire duration of the Persian Empire up to the last royal dynasty of Iran. Carpets woven in towns and regional centers like Tabriz , Kerman , Neyshabour , Mashhad , Kashan , Isfahan , Nain and Qom are characterized by their specific weaving techniques and use of high-quality materials, colours and patterns.
Town manufactories like those of Tabriz have played an important historical role in reviving the tradition of carpet weaving after periods of decline. Rugs woven by the villages and various tribes of Iran are distinguished by their fine wool, bright and elaborate colours, and specific, traditional patterns.
Buy Sherlock Holmes: The Mystery of the Persian Carpet
Perfect for large homes and cozy apartments alike, rugs serve as both fundamental pieces and focal points of any space. Large area rugs create a canvas for the entire room, while smaller rugs draw the eye to specific areas. In a large room, perfectly placed area rugs can help define the space, creating smaller sitting areas within the room. Bare hardwood floors can always benefit from the addition of a warm, plush rug, but carpeted rooms can also benefit from rugs, which add contrasting textures and patterns.
Our skilled craftsman create new masterpieces that date back to the golden age of Persian Rug production, yet fit into today’s décor. Our Sultanabad rugs have.
Iranian rugs known as top level of carpet art. History of Iranian rugs date back to years ago. Iranians brought out the best instances of creativity and skills. Art of carpet knotting, transferred from father to son and became a family tradition in Iran. Fame of the Iranian rugs, travelled around the world became an outstanding asset. In all industrial and developed countries, be possessed of Iranian rug means that the owners are wealthy and have artistic souls.
Iranians covet Persian rugs despite sanctions
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Most up-to-date Photo Persian Carpet motifs Popular Every city in Iran includes Qom Qum Silk Persian Rug Flower Vase by Motevassel.
Iranian Visual Arts A brief history of Persian Carpet and its patterns T he history of Persian Carpet -a culmination of artistic magnificence- dates back to 2, years ago. The Iranians were among the pioneer carpet weavers of the ancient civilizations, having achieved a superlative degree of perfection through centuries of creativity and ingenuity.
The skill of carpet weaving has been handed down by fathers to their sons, who built upon those skills and in turn handed them down to their offspring as a closely guarded family secret. To trace the history of Persian carpet is to follow a path of cultural growth of one of the greatest civilizations the world has ever seen. From being simple articles of need, floor and entrance coverings to protect the nomadic tribesmen from the cold and damp, the increasing beauty of the carpets found them new owners – kings and noblemen, who looked upon them as signs of wealth, prestige and distinction.
Pazyryk Carpet, 5th century BCE Russian archaeologists Rudenko and Griaznov in discovered the oldest known “knotted” carpet in the Pazyryk valley, about feet up on the Altai Mountains in Siberia. Dating back to the fifth century BCE The Pazyryk carpet is of rare beauty and woven with great technical skill. It was found preserved in the frozen tombs of Scythian chiefs, which were to years old, it is now kept in the Hermitage Museum of Leningrad.
Another rug found in the same area, dates back to the first century BCE. When Cyrus the Great conquered Babylon in BC, he was struck by its splendour, and it was probably he who introduced the art of carpet making into Persia. However, historical records show that magnificent carpets adorned the court of Cyrus the Great, who founded the Persian Empire over 2, years ago.
Dates in Oriental Rugs
Persian rugs were born from the ancient Persian empire, where handweaving was a highly respected art form. The oldest known carpet from the world is a Persian rug dating back to the 5th century BC. From the outset, Persian rugs were considered extremely luxurious owing to the craftsmanship required to make them and are referenced in Greek texts published as early as BC. Broadly speaking, there are two types of hand-knotted Persian rugs: city rugs and tribal or nomadic rugs.
City rugs are Persian rugs woven in organized workshops where weavers follow a paper blueprint of a design.
Persian rugs also are Oriental rugs but they are made only in Iran (formerly of Persian carpets came from Chinese texts dating back to the Sassanid period.
I plan a trip to Iran and want to buy a persian silk or wool-silk carpet size about cm x cm there. Can someone tell me the approximate price for such a carpet and also some addresses in Tehran or Isfahan where I can buy good quality carpets for a reasonable price? Maybe you also know some fixed price shops where I can get an overview. I saw the two other topics about persian carpets in Iran forum from and , but the indicated prices differ much in these discussions.
I am not sure if it would be worth it to buy the carpet in Iran. Or are prices the same as in USA or Europe? I am an importer of Persian rugs located in Southern California, U. It will not come to you as a surprise that I visit Iran on regular basis to add some pieces to my inventory. Although it has become much more difficult for me to collect pieces that I like to offer to my customers back in the U.
I will be ready to proceed with my new shipment within the next couple of weeks and it should arrive in the U. I will be proudly presenting everything on my website soon:.
Dates on Oriental Rugs
Navajo Rug Appraisal Co. When one encounters dates that are woven into the fields or end borders of Oriental rugs, it should be noted that these dates are generally unreliable. There are several reasons for this:. In the past as is the case today, Oriental rugs were often woven by people who were uneducated and illiterate.
Rotate the ruler 90 degrees and count the number of knots in 1 inch of warp. The number of knots per square inch can help.
Dates are sometimes woven into the end borders or fields of Oriental carpets, usually using Arabic calligraphy find out about signatures and inscriptions in Oriental rugs. Usually a date in a rug can be taken at face value, but not always. In the past, rugs were often woven by individuals who were functionally illiterate. Someone else would have drawn the date for the weaver to copy, and the person writing the date may have been only semi-literate.
In such cases it is common to see Arabic numerals reversed, woven upside down, or so distorted as to make the date difficult to read. There is also the confusion introduced by some weaving countries switching from a “lunar” calendar to a “solar” calendar in the ‘s. Because the lunar year is shorter than the solar year, a conversion factor needs to be applied to convert an Islamic lunar calendar date to the corresponding Georgian date.
Finally, there is the problem of a weaver perhaps copying a date from an older rug, or even intentionally “pre-dating” a rug in order to create an instant semi-antique. It is also possible to reweave a small part of the rug to add a date, or to reweave a numeral or two of an existing date to add years or decades to the seeming age of the rug. So–it’s fun to look for and find! Rugs woven and dated in the 17th, 18th, and 19th Centuries almost always use the Islamic lunar calendar.
How Old Is My Rug?
The book presents a pictorial journey around Persia, reflecting the weaving and pattern styles of the many regions and tribes -including Esfahan, Kashan, Nain, Qum, Kerman, Tabriz, Bakhtiari, Senneh, Malayer and Qashqai — showing the vast range of carpets woven in Persia from about to the third quarter of the 20th century. In addition, each caption gives an in-depth account of the carpet, not only the date and region in which it was woven, but also the motifs and patterns, the technique used, even the weaver, and, in the case of pictorial carpets, the fascinating stories being depicted.
The introductory essay takes the reader through the history and geography of the Persian rug, including information on structure, weaving and knotting, the different output of the city and urban workshops compared to tribal and village weaving, flatweaves, and identification. It also features points of note for the collector, such as conservation and cleaning, as well as highlighting the difficulties in dating rugs, and the problems with fakes.
This exquisite book — an essential addition to the bookshelves of all carpet collectors and aficionados — is a testament to the rich and vibrant art form of Persian carpets.
A young painter has been found murdered and rolled up in a remarkable Persian carpet. Along with Watson, you must investigate the peculiar crime, exploring.
Specialist Louise Broadhurst advises on everything from the identification of natural dyes to finding the right setting on your vacuum cleaner. Keen Persian rug collectors included Cornelius Vanderbilt and Sigmund Freud, who kept a rug draped over the couch on which his clients would sit. Antique Oriental rugs were woven on a traditional loom with strands of cotton, silk or wool, called warps, stretched vertically between two wooden horizontal beams.
The weaver then passed rows of silk, cotton or wool, called wefts, in alternation over and under each adjacent warp. The warp and the weft constitute the basic foundation of most carpets. The higher the number of knots the finer the rug will be, and the more intricate the pattern will become. This technique proved so effective that carpets are made using these same methods today. Most carpets and rugs are classified by the surroundings in which they were woven — whether hand-woven upon the small loom of a nomadic tribe, part of a cottage industry within a local village, or produced in a professional or royal workshop within a city.
While there was no limit to the length a carpet could be, the width of these rugs could never exceed eight feet around cm , the standard size of the loom. A Yomut main carpet, west Turkmenistan, second half 18th century. This strategy meant that each of the carpets contained small idiosyncrasies, both in their construction and pattern — a factor which only adds to their charm.
THE HISTORY OF ORIENTAL RUGS
Dates appear on the oriental rugs sporadically. Unless forged to deceive buyers, they are meant to commemorate important events; weddings, births, etc. Such dates require some historical understanding to be properly read. Firstly, most dates on the oriental rugs are presented in Indian numbers.
Persian carpets came from a wide selection of iranian women sign up from a big Somebody date when a rug for european, for persian carpet over 40 million.
Safari Rugs is a leading weaver of custom handmade Persian rugs in Iran. Using century old weaving techniques and masterful colors recreations. Our Sultanabad rugs have taken the market by storm, leading the industry in the field of quality and design. Our fine Persian Tabriz production with its innovative designs and modern colors is a worldwide success.
And our newest creation, the Oushak revival series has been an instant best seller. Antique rugs are a special work of art in their individuality And beauty. As the passion for antique rugs runs in our family, the knowledg of these rugs is passed from generation to generation. Over the years we have aquired a collection of antique and semi antique rugs.
Trading with them is one of the main issues of our company.